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Ranked: The World’s Most Valuable Football Club Brands



An infographic ranking the most valuable football brands in the world, along with their worth.

Ranked: The World’s Most Valuable Football Club Brands

When the oldest national football competition—the FA Cup—was first played in 1872, the players didn’t get paid, clubs were local associations, and there were no such things as football brands.

Skip ahead a century and a half and many football clubs have comparable levels of global recognition to well-known consumer brands like Apple or Coca-Cola, while simultaneously commanding immense loyalty from fans from all walks of life.

These characteristics have immense financial worth. Today we find out which clubs, aside from competing on the pitch, also compete as football brands. Brand Finance, a brand valuation and strategy consultancy, has compiled a list of the world’s 50 most valuable football club brands.

ℹ️ Brand value refers to the present value of earnings specifically related to a football team’s brand reputation. This is separate and distinct from market value, or the value of an organization as a whole (i.e. what it would cost to buy a team)

Which Football Club Has the Most Valuable Brand?

Prized at $1.56 billion in 2023, Manchester City FC of England’s Premier League takes the top spot as the most valuable football brand.

The club’s brand value grew 13.5% in the last year, a testament to the club’s recent and sustained success on the domestic and international fronts. It has won the Premier league seven times since 2011, and in 2023 the club completed a historic “treble”—winning the Premier League, Champions League, and FA Cup, all in one season.

Here’s a look at the world’s top 50 most valued football club brands, listed in USD millions.

RankBrandCountryBrand Value
(USD millions)
Value Change
1Manchester City FC🇬🇧 UK$1,562+13.50%
2Real Madrid CF🇪🇸 Spain$1,513-14.40%
3FC Barcelona🇪🇸 Spain$1,425-7.20%
4Manchester United FC🇬🇧 UK$1,412-2.60%
5Liverpool FC🇬🇧 UK$1,411-4.40%
6Paris Saint-Germain🇫🇷 France$1,174-1.40%
7FC Bayern Munich🇩🇪 Germany$1,140-11.30%
8Arsenal FC🇬🇧 UK$940+0.02%
9Tottenham Hotspur FC🇬🇧 UK$931-8.00%
10Chelsea FC🇬🇧 UK$893-9.90%
11Juventus FC🇮🇹 Italy$655-19.90%
12Club Atletico de Madrid🇪🇸 Spain$570-15.10%
13Borussia Dortmund🇩🇪 Germany$562-6.30%
14FC Internazionale Milano🇮🇹 Italy$528-8.00%
15AC Milan🇮🇹 Italy$371+0.19%
16West Ham United FC🇬🇧 UK$320-6.40%
17Newcastle United FC🇬🇧 UK$259+0.17%
18SSC Napoli🇮🇹 Italy$249+0.18%
19RasenBallsport Leipzig🇩🇪 Germany$231-18.40%
20Aston Villa FC🇬🇧 UK$222+0.04%
21AS Roma🇮🇹 Italy$212+0.01%
22Eintracht Frankfurt🇩🇪 Germany$210-5.40%
23Everton FC🇬🇧 UK$205-13.60%
24Bayer 04 Leverkusen🇩🇪 Germany$202-8.00%
25Sevilla FC🇪🇸 Spain$196-5.10%
26Brighton &
Hove Albion FC
🇬🇧 UK$189-3.00%
27Leicester City🇬🇧 UK$187-40.70%
28Olympique De Marseille🇫🇷 France$179+0.07%
29Crystal Palace🇬🇧 UK$174-1.70%
30AFC Ajax🇳🇱 Netherlands$172-18.90%
31Olympique Lyonnais🇫🇷 France$166-6.90%
32Wolverhampton Wanderers FC🇬🇧 UK$166-29.80%
33Leeds United🇬🇧 UK$160-25.60%
34Real Betis🇪🇸 Spain$159+0.17%
35Borussia Monchengladbach🇩🇪 Germany$157-18.80%
36Villarreal CF🇪🇸 Spain$143-6.30%
37Real Sociedad🇪🇸 Spain$139N/A
38VfL Wolfsburg🇩🇪 Germany$128-34.90%
391.FC Koln🇩🇪 Germany$125-3.30%
40SC Freiburg🇩🇪 Germany$125N/A
41SL Benfica🇵🇹 Portugal$123+0.05%
42Celtic FC🇬🇧 UK$118-9.70%
43Brentford FC🇬🇧 UK$118N/A
44Athletic de Bilbao🇪🇸 Spain$117-23.50%
45SS Lazio SpA🇮🇹 Italy$116N/A
461.FC Union Berlin🇩🇪 Germany$112N/A
47Valencia CF🇪🇸 Spain$112-38.70%
48FC Porto🇵🇹 Portugal$105N/A
49Fulham FC🇬🇧 UK$104N/A
50CR Flamengo🇧🇷 Brazil$102-8.80%

Close on City’s heels, Spain’s Real Madrid CF brand is also valued slightly above $1.5 billion, but is down 14% in the last year. The club lost their hold on both their domestic league and European championship titles this season, contributing to their decrease in brand worth in 2023.

On the Catalonian side of Spain, FC Barcelona’s brand remains ranked in third place, valued at $1.4 billion. The two Spanish giants have a near duopoly over La Liga, Spain’s domestic league, with one of them having won the title 62 times in the 94 years since the league was founded.

The rivalry gained another edge in the 2000s, hosting one each of Lionel Messi and Cristiano Ronaldo—two of the most-followed celebrities in the world and often regarded as some of the greatest players to play the game.

And while both Messi and Ronaldo left in the last five years, Barcelona and Real Madrid’s brands have stayed resilient. Both clubs have consistently ranked in the top five most valuable football club brands since 2013.

Four more club brands have been valued above $1 billion:

  • Manchester United FC, England, ($1.41 billion)
  • Liverpool FC, England ($1.41 billion)
  • Paris Saint-Germain, France ($1.17 billion)
  • FC Bayern Munich, Germany ($1.14 billion)

Countries with the Most Valuable Football Brands

From a regional perspective, the UK is home to the most high-worth football club brands (18), all of them in England with the sole exception of Scotland’s Celtic FC.

CountryClubsBrand Value
(USD millions)
🇬🇧 UK18$9,371
🇩🇪 Germany10$2,992
🇪🇸 Spain9$4,374
🇮🇹 Italy6$2,131
🇫🇷 France3$1,519
🇵🇹 Portugal2$228
🇳🇱 Netherlands1$172
🇧🇷 Brazil1$102

The UK is followed by Germany (10) and Spain (9) with the most high-valued brands. Together, the top three countries account for almost three quarters of the most valued football club brands in the world.

With an even broader-picture gaze, Europe is home to 49 of the 50 listed clubs, a testament to the strength of the European football market. The only non-European team to make the list was CR Flamengo from Brazil.

What’s in a Brand?

While the value of a football club brand is not the same as the club value itself, a strong brand can do wonders for a club’s financial performance, and eventual value.

Just look at Manchester United, which hasn’t quite regained its stellar performances on field since Sir Alex Ferguson left in 2013, but nevertheless continues to be a commercial juggernaut—it had the fourth highest jersey sales in 2021.

A similar story can be seen with Saudi Arabian club Al-Nassr when it signed Cristiano Ronaldo, which drove visits to its merchandise store up 300%.

With the new football season around the corner, it will be fascinating to see how the rankings of most valuable football brands change next year.

Where Does This Data Come From?

Source: Brand Finance’s 2023 Football 50 Report.
Data note: Some clubs were not ranked in the top 50 in 2022, leading to missing data for brand value and rank changes in the last year. These entires have been marked with an “N/A” where required.

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The Frequency of Billion-Dollar Disasters in the U.S.

The Maui fire is the latest of many disasters in the U.S. And data shows that frequency of costly weather disasters has increased.



disasters in the u.s.

Frequency of Billion-Dollar Disasters in the U.S.

Wildfires on the Hawaiian island of Maui have had devastating effects on people, towns, and nature, and the final cost is nowhere near tallied. They are the latest of many climate disasters in the U.S.—and data shows that their frequency has been increasing.

These graphics from Planet Anomaly use tracking data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) to show the average number of days between billion-dollar weather disasters in the U.S. from 1980 to 2022.


NOAA’s database examines billion-dollar weather and climate disasters in America. Total associated damages and costs for each event are adjusted for inflation using the 2023 Consumer Price Index (CPI).

Disasters are categorized as one of seven different types:

  • Drought: Prolonged dry spells resulting in water shortages and reduced soil moisture.
  • Flooding: Overflow of water inundating land usually due to intense rainfall or melting snow.
  • Tropical Cyclone: Intense rotating storm systems known as hurricanes.
  • Severe Storm: Includes windstorms and tornadoes, hail, lightning, and heavy precipitation.
  • Winter Storm: Heavy snow, freezing rain, and icy conditions impacting transportation and infrastructure.
  • Wildfire: Uncontrolled fires consuming vast areas of forests and vegetation.
  • Freezes: Sub-zero temperatures damaging crops and infrastructure, such as pipes or energy lines.

The average days between billion-dollar disasters are calculated from the start dates of adjacent events within a single year.

Days Between Billion-Dollar Disasters in the U.S. (1980‒2022)

Between 1980 and 2022, there were 155 total disasters in the U.S. that cost more than a billion dollars in damages when adjusted for inflation.

And when looking at the average number of days between these billion-dollar events within each year, we can see the decades becoming more and more costly:

YearAvg. Days Between Disasters

Back in the early 1980s, the average interval between these major disasters (within each year) was 75 days. Even more starkly, 1987 had no climate disasters that topped $1 billion in damages, while 1988 only had one.

Fast forward to 2022, and that average window has drastically reduced to a mere 20 days between billion-dollar disasters in the United States.

Breaking Down Billion-Dollar Disasters by Type

Of the 155 disasters tracked through 2022, the majority have been in the form of severe storms including tornadoes, windstorms, and thunderstorms.

charting breakdown of costly natural disasters in the u.s.

The worst severe storms include an outbreak of tornadoes in April 2011 across many central and southern states, with an estimated 343 tornadoes causing a total of $14 billion in CPI-adjusted damages. In August 2020, a powerful derecho—a widespread and intense windstorm characterized by straight-line winds—devastated millions of acres of crops across the Midwest and caused $13 billion in adjusted damages.

But the most expensive disasters so far have been hurricanes. Eight hurricanes top the inflation-adjusted damages charts, with Hurricane Katrina’s unprecedented devastation in 2005 leading with a staggering $194 billion.

Will the U.S. be prepared for more costly disasters going forward? And will climate change continue to accelerate the pace of weather disasters in the U.S. even more?

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